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Audience:
Obstetricians and surgeons

Instructor:
Michael Corrin

Content Advisors:
John Kingdom and Ally Murji

Date:
April 2018

Media:
Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Savage Interactive Procreate

Format:
Textbook

This illustration series was an assignment for the VIsual Representation of Medical Knowledge course at the University of Toronto Mississauga Biomedical Communications (UTM BMC) master’s program. The project’s goals were to observe a surgical procedure and provide pen-and-ink style illustrations depicting the anatomy and sequence of events. For this case, I was fortunate to observe a cesarean hysterectomy performed in the setting of placenta percreta. Drs. Kingdom and Murji from the University of Toronto Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology provided expert guidance, video resources and review of the illustration iterations. The refined digital sketches were rendered in Procreate and arranged with text and labels in Illustrator. One page of the sequence was digitally inked using Procreate.

References:
1.  Agur, Anne, and Arthur F. Dalley. 2017. Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy (14th Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
2.  Frank H. Netter. Atlas of Human Anatomy. Summit, NJ: Ciba-Geigy, 1989.
3.  Clemente, Carmine. 1997. Anatomy: A Regional Atlas of the Human Body (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Williams Wilkins.
4.  Cunningham, F. Gary, Kenneth J. Leveno, Steven L. Bloom, Jodi S. Dashe, Barbara L. Hoffman, Brian M. Casey and Catherine Y. Spong. 2018. Williams Obstetrics (25th Edition). McGraw-Hill Education.
5.  Pervolaraki E., Holden A.V. (2012) Human Uterine Excitation Patterns Leading to Labour: Synchronization or Propagation? In: Lones M.A., Smith S.L., Teichmann S., Naef F., Walker J.A., Trefzer M.A. (eds) Information Processing in Cells and Tissues. IPCAT 2012. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 7223. Springer, Berlin
6.  Frober, Rosemarie. “Surgical anatomy of the ureter.” British Journal of Urology International 100, issue 4 (October 2007): 949-965.
7.  Bamberg, Christian, Grit Rademacher, Felix Guttler, Ulf Teichgraber, Malte Cremer, Christoph Buhrer, Claudia Spies, Larry Hinkson, Wolfgang Henrich, Karim D Kalache, Joachim W. Dudenhausen. “Human birth observed in real-time open magnetic resonance imaging.” American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 206, issue 6 (June 2012): 505.e1-505.e6.
8.  El Beialy, Mohammad A. “Placenta accreta: dark intraplacental T2 bands” https://radiopaedia.org/cases/placenta-accreta-dark-intraplacental-t2-bands?lang=us