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This illustration was a collaborative assignment for the VIsual Representation of Medical Knowledge course at the University of Toronto Mississauga Biomedical Communications (UTM BMC) master’s program. The project was cooperatively researched, illustrated and designed with Deniz Kaya, a fellow BMC student; final rendering touches were performed independently. Working with our content advisor (Dr. Hinic-Frlog, Asst. Professor of Biology at UTM), we compared the biomechanics of knee extension between humans and grasshoppers, illustrating the different lever mechanism classes in action.

Audience:
Undergraduate biology students

Instructor:
Michael Corrin

Content Advisor:
Sanja Hinic-Frlog

Date:
October 2018

Media:
Adobe Illustrator

Format:
Print

References:
1.  Agur, Anne, and Arthur F. Dalley. 2017. Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy (14th Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
2.  Bennet-Clark, H.C.. “The energetics of the jump of the locust Schistocerca gregaria.” Journal of Experimental Biology 63, no.1 (1975): 53-83.
3.  Burrows, Malcom and Genevieve Morris. “The kinematics and neural control of high-speed kicking movements in the locust.” Journal of Experimental Biology 204, pt. 20 (October 2001): 3471-3483.
4.  Heitler, William J. “How Grasshoppers Jump.” www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~wjh/jumping/index.html
5.  Lippert, Lynn. 2011. Clinical Kinesiology and Anatomy (5th Edition). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.
6.  Miyake, Yuto, Tadashi Suga, Mitsuo Otsuka, et al. “The knee extensor moment arm is associated with performance in male sprinters.” European Journal of Applied Physiology 117, no. 3 (2017): 533-539.
7.  Moore, Keith L., Agur, Anne M.R., and Arthur F. Dalley. 2015. Essential Clinical Anatomy (5th Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
8.  Moyes, Christopher D., and Patricia M. Schulte. 2016. Principles of Animal Physiology Third Edition. San Francisco: Pearson Education.